Direct microorganism species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests from positive blood culture bottles using rapid Sepsityper Kit

Published:January 10, 2022DOI:



      We evaluated the performance of Rapid Sepsityper Kit in species identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST).


      Positive blood culture bottles (n = 227) containing single microorganisms were enrolled. We compared the direct method using Rapid Sepsityper Kit for ID and AST with the conventional method. The analyses of ID and AST were performed using MALDI Biotyper and BD Phoenix platform, respectively.


      The direct ID method correctly identified 89.4% (203/227) of samples, and Gram-negative bacilli (95.2%) had a higher ID rate than Gram-positive cocci (84.4%). Five cases were misidentified, and non-acceptable identification was high among Streptococcus species.
      Direct AST results were obtained from 168 isolates. Non-acceptable ID occurred among 24 isolates; 4 Streptococcus species, and 31 isolates, which did not grow in the direct AST method, were excluded. A total of 1714 antibiotic susceptibility tests (625 from 69 Gram-positive cocci and 1089 from 99 Gram-negative bacilli) were performed. The direct AST methods showed 98.3% (1685/1714) of categorical agreement (CA), 0.7% (12/1714) of very major errors, 0.2% (4/1714) of major errors, and 0.8% (13/1714) of minor errors. Complete CA was obtained for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli.


      The direct ID method using Rapid Sepsityper Kit and the direct AST method in combination with the BD Phoenix platform, which was associated with a reduction of turnaround time, may be a reliable approach for blood culture bottles. However, additional validation and further improvements, especially for Gram-positive cocci, would have an impact on microbiological diagnoses.



      ID (species identification), AST (antimicrobial susceptibility testing), BSI (bloodstream infection)
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