Impact of Pseudomonas aeruginosa coverage on the prognosis of elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia

Published:September 28, 2022DOI:



      Although the 2019 American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) recommend the use of antibiotics with Pseudomonas aeruginosa coverage for patients with prior sputum isolation of P. aeruginosa, further research is needed to confirm its clinical outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact of the use of antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage on mortality in elderly CAP patients with sputum isolation of P. aeruginosa.


      We retrospectively included consecutive elderly patients who were hospitalized for CAP and P. aeruginosa-positive sputum culture. The association between the use of antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage and 28-day mortality was assessed based on propensity score to reduce selection bias.


      A total of 216 patients were included, and 68 (31%) of them were treated with antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage. The number of patients treated with antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage was significantly higher among nonsurvivors than among survivors. After adjustment using propensity score, the association between the use of antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage and the 28-day mortality was found to be statistically nonsignificant (odds ratio 2.182, 95% confidence interval 0.732–6.508, p = 0.162).


      The use of antibiotics with P. aeruginosa coverage in elderly CAP patients with sputum isolation of P. aeruginosa did not improve their prognosis. A randomized control study is required to identify cases that should be treated with antibiotics covering P. aeruginosa.


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