Preseptal cellulitis, an infection of the eyelid and skin around the eye, can be distinguished from orbital cellulitis. It is common in children and is rarely complicated. Streptococcus pyogenes is one of the major pathogens causing preseptal cellulitis. Here, we report a case of a 46-year-old man with carcinoma of unknown primary presenting preseptal cellulitis of S. pyogenes complicated by streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and multiple metastatic abscesses involving right eyelid, subcutaneous tissue in the scalp, mediastinum, bilateral pleural spaces, pericardial space, and the left knee. Although he required a prolonged hospitalization, antibiotic therapy and multiple courses of debridement led to full recovery. A literature review revealed that there were only four cases of preseptal cellulitis with S. pyogenes in adults and two cases were complicated by streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The cases had either trauma or immunocompromising factors similar to our patient. All patients survived with antibiotic therapy and debridement, and the functional outcome was favorable. In summary, preseptal cellulitis caused by S. pyogenes can be severe in adult cases where immunocompromising factors and type of strain may play a role in the severity of the disease. Awareness of the risk of severe complications, treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy, and timely debridement are crucial for favorable prognoses.
Abbreviation:STSS (streptococcal toxic shock syndrome), Spe (streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin)
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Published online: April 21, 2023
Accepted: April 4, 2023
Received in revised form: March 15, 2023
Received: December 5, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
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